Download Aristotle and the Virtues by Howard J. Curzer PDF

By Howard J. Curzer

Aristotle is the daddy of advantage ethics--a self-discipline that's receiving renewed scholarly awareness. but Aristotle's bills of the person virtues stay opaque, for many modern commentators of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics have concentrated upon different concerns. by contrast, Howard J. Curzer takes Aristotle's particular description of the person virtues to be principal to his moral idea. operating during the Nicomachean Ethics virtue-by-virtue, explaining and customarily protecting Aristotle's claims, this publication brings every one of Aristotle's virtues alive. a brand new Aristotle emerges, an Aristotle occupied with the main points of the person virtues.

Justice and friendship carry specific locations in Aristotle's advantage concept. Many modern discussions position justice and friendship at contrary, maybe even conflicting, poles of a spectrum. Justice appears greatly a public, neutral, and dispassionate factor, whereas friendship is paradigmatically inner most, partial, and passionate. but Curzer argues that during Aristotle's view they're truly symbiotic. Justice is outlined by way of friendship, and solid friendship is outlined when it comes to justice.

Curzer is going directly to display how advantage ethics isn't just approximately being strong; it's also approximately turning into sturdy. Aristotle and the Virtues reconstructs Aristotle's account of ethical improvement. sure personality kinds function phases of ethical improvement. definite catalysts and mechanisms lead from one level to the subsequent. Explaining why a few humans can't make ethical growth specifies the preconditions of ethical improvement. eventually, Curzer describes Aristotle's quest to figure out the last word objective of ethical improvement, happiness.

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G. both cowardice and temperance), for this would be an inconsistency within moral theory. Indeed, I speculate that Aristotle is committed to the doctrine of disjoint spheres at least partially to preclude such a possibility. Aristotle demands disjoint spheres in order to achieve harmony among the spheres. Facing death After eliminating various objects of fear from the sphere of courage, Aristotle naturally asks what fearful objects remain: 8 I hope to explore this nexus of claims elsewhere. 6–9) 25 [C] With what sort of terrible things, then, is the brave man concerned?

A situation where confidence should not be felt is a futile situation. Courage would be useless. From an intellectual perspective, situations calling for courageous action demand that the agent weigh the risks and benefits of different options. The agent must balance the seriousness and likelihood of some physical harm against the value and probability of achieving some worthwhile goal. Without the risk of enduring some harm and the possibility of attaining some good in a situation, there can be no meaningful choice: the correct course of action would be automatic.

Rogers and Lear argue that for Aristotle the noble is approximately the fitting (to prepon). Things that fit their function or end (telos) well are noble. This explains some things. Whatever is noble is praiseworthy, since teleologically well-adapted things are praiseworthy. e. the happy life), virtues are fitting and thus noble, and thus praiseworthy. But other things are noble, too. 14 To be noble, death must be fitting. g. with fortitude rather than “breaking down”). A death that just happens to a person without some sort of choice on his or her part is non-noble, even if it accomplishes something very good.

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