By Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss, David A. Warburton
This quantity bargains with the chronology of historic Egypt from the fourth millennium till the Hellenistic interval. An preliminary part reports the principles of Egyptian chronology, either historical and smooth, from annals and kinglists to C14 analyses of archaeological facts. experts talk about resources, collect lists of recognized dates, and examine biographical details within the part dedicated to relative chronology. The editors are answerable for the ultimate part, which makes an attempt a synthesis of the whole diversity of obtainable information to reach at substitute absolute chronologies. the possible readership comprises experts in close to japanese and Aegean reports in addition to Egyptologists.
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19 to Imhotep of Dyn. 5 It seems to have been put together from various lists of high priests (probably unrelated) and other ancillary material. It can only be used when independent information is available from other sources. Another problem with genealogy is the lack of proper genealogical terms in the Egyptian language. 6 To avoid such long circumlocutions, jt / mwt could be used for “father- / mother-in-law”, while sn might also mean “brother-in-law”, “nephew” or even” uncle”, or might conceivably be no relation at all but a good friend and contemporary.
If rows 7 and 8 amounted to more than 30 years for Cheops and Djedefre', then row *9 would not be long enough for Khephren, and Beckerath is right in postulating a row *10. ) Altogether we estimate ca. 75 compartments (= 74 years) in row 2, ca. 90 compartments in row 3, ca. 104 compartments in row 4, and ca. 87 compartments in row 5, corresponding to ca. 164 years for Dyn. 1, ca. 141 years for Dyn. 2 (if the reigns recorded were successive), and ca. 50 years for Dyn. 3, or a total of ca. 355 years for Dyns.
W. Pestman, “A family archive which changes history”, as well as, P. W. Pestman, “Haronnophris and Chaonnophris”, in: Hundred-Gated Thebes: Acts of a Colloquium on Thebes and the Theban Area in the Graeco-Roman Period, S. P. , (Leiden: PLB 27, 1995), 91–137. I. 5 METHODS OF DATING AND THE EGYPTIAN CALENDAR The Editors During Dyn. 1 years were not yet counted, but simply named, as exempliﬁed by the so-called year labels of Dyn. 1 that were attached to oil vessels. 2 The labels are the earliest evidence for reckoning time by years,3 but the type of year, that was in any case civil, not regnal, is not known.