Download Ancestral Appetites: Food in Prehistory by Kristen J. Gremillion PDF

By Kristen J. Gremillion

This publication explores the connection among prehistoric humans and their nutrients - what they ate, why they ate it, and the way researchers have pieced jointly the tale of earlier foodways from fabric strains. modern human nutrients traditions surround a doubtless countless style, yet all are basically ideas for assembly easy dietary wishes built over thousands of years. people are designed via evolution to regulate our feeding habit and nutrition expertise to satisfy the calls for of a variety of environments via a mix of social and experiential studying. during this e-book, Kristen J. Gremillion demonstrates how those evolutionary approaches have formed the diversification of human vitamin over a number of million years of prehistory. She attracts on facts extracted from the cloth continues to be that offer the one direct proof of the way humans procured, ready, offered, and ate up nutrients in prehistoric instances.

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10 The bow came to largely replace the spear as the weapon of choice, although it would be surprising if the older technology were not kept around for at least occasional use. 3. Depiction of a bison from the cave of Altamira in Spain (photograph of a reproduction of the cave ceiling at the Brno Museum). tundra, provided the hunter can find enough cover to get close enough for a good shot. In forests, however, the bow was superior for its ability to launch projectiles through the thick vegetation that began to spread across many landscapes during the Late Pleistocene along with warmer temperatures.

Multicomponent harpoons, arrow and spear points of various sizes and shapes, fishnets and fishhooks, all stand in sharp contrast to the relative homogeneity of earlier stone tool traditions. Specialized toolkits indicate that people were beginning to tailor their methods to particular types of prey, animals and plants that were selected carefully in ways that provided adequate nutrition without wasting too much time and energy. These adjustments were never perfect and were guided by noneconomic considerations as well, but efficient hunting, fishing, and gathering probably gave the people who practiced these customs a competitive edge.

Your grandfather learned to hunt from his male relatives, and you benefit from his knowledge of how to make a good spear or fashion and place snares for small game. This knowledge will stand you in good stead for years to come, even if you experience somewhat heavier snowfalls than your grandfather did, or more frequent droughts. 4 Even the world your father learned to hunt in has effectively vanished; he learned to track animals in the snow, but now you must improvise. Under these conditions of rapid change and readjustment, the flexible system of cultural transmission has significant advantages over ordinary natural selection of genetic variation (whose pace depends on generation time).

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