By E. A. Wallis Budge
By a ways the main thorough, so much attention-grabbing assurance of amulets and superstitions is the current e-book via Dr. E. Wallis Budge. In it he offers a wealth of data at the origins of amulets and talismans of many cultures and traditions: Arab, Persian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Egyptian, Ethiopian, Gnostic, Hebrew, Mandaean, Phoenician, Samaritan, and Syriac. He discusses ring amulets, terra cotta devil-traps; stones and their prophylactic and healing features; the significance of colour, form, and shape in amulets; the Swastika; the go; the crucifix; the evil eye; the Kabbalah; astrology; the seven astrological planets; theories approximately numbers (good and undesirable good fortune numbers, sequences, magic squares); divination by means of water, earth, or sand; fortunate and unfortunate days; the hand of Fatimah; contracts with the satan and envoûtement. The textual content is profusely illustrated, with many reproductions of amulets, stones, prayers, crosses, numbers, seals, gods, jewelry, indicators of the zodiac, and masses more.
Dr. Budge of the British Museum was once one of many most desirable Egyptologists of the 20th century. Dover additionally released lots of his different works: The Dwellers at the Nile, Egyptian Magic, The Egyptian publication of the lifeless, and The Gods of the Egyptians.
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Extra resources for Amulets and Superstitions: The Original Texts With Translations and Descriptions of a Long Series of Egyptian, Sumerian, Assyrian, Hebrew, Christian
In the Near East amulets are used universally and unashamedly. The old camel postman who guided me from Damascus to Baghdâd attributed our safe arrival to the five blue beads which were fastened on the foreheads of each of his camels. Such success as I had in collecting manuscripts in the Tiyârî country was also attributed to the blue beads, and the ur’ân amulets which I bought there. Under the protection of a small bag of dust from the tomb of Rabban Hôrmîzd our caravan travelled from Môul through the country of the Yazîdîs or Devil-worshippers, and under the protection of a bag of dust from Kubbah Idrîs our boat sailed in safety from Dulgo to Kôshah in the Third Cataract.
The whole of the Babylonian story of the Creation shows that men believed that all the great works of the gods and devils were performed by magic. The magic of Marduk was more powerful than that of Tiâmat, and his spells and incantations were more powerful than hers and therefore made her curses and spells to have no effect. Some form of the belief that the gods of the Sumerians, Babylonians and Egyptians made use of amulets as protectors on urgent occasions made its way, probably at a very early date, into Ethiopia.
The Almighty reformed His armies and sent them forth a third time to destroy Satan and his followers, but on this occasion He sent forth with them a Cross of Light on which the Names of the Three Persons of the Trinity were written. When Satan saw the Cross and the Three Names of Power, his boldness and courage forsook him, his arms lost their strength and the weapons which he was wielding fell from them and he and his hosts turned their backs and were hurled down into the abyss of hell by the now invincible angels of God.