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By M. Grant

Civil defence was once a vital part of Britain’s glossy background. in the course of the chilly battle it used to be a principal reaction of the British executive to the specter of battle. This book is the 1st heritage of the arrangements to struggle a nuclear battle taken in Britain among the tip of the second one international warfare and 1968.

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It would naturally increase civil defence preparedness on their completion, but this was seen as a happy by-product by Ministers. Over the course of December 1950-January 1951, civil defence advocates fought a doomed battle to see civil defence spending increase in line with military spending. 26 Deeper roots included the perception, common throughout the immediate post-1945 era, that civil defence was being dangerously ignored to the extent that Britain’s survival as a war-making power was in jeopardy.

It was in this atmosphere of mounting tension that work began on planning the large-scale dispersal of industry. 59 This hugely ambitious project, a sort of atomic Domesday book, would allow planners to identify which industrial firms needed to be protected from attack and which could be moved from the target cities to other parts of the country. But outside the narrow confines of the civil servants on the Civil Defence Committee, few in 1947 or 1948 could have believed that full-scale industrial dispersal was a viable policy, 24 After the Bomb despite the approval given by the high-level Defence Committee (chaired by the Prime Minister) to the principle of dispersal contained in the JTWC report of 1946.

91 Evacuation would certainly have been called for by the public, and some evacuation plan, even if it was limited, would have helped bolster morale had war come. Moreover, the lack of other detailed life-saving plans would have made evacuation even more important. 92 Only expectant mothers and school children from key target areas would be evacuated at first, and discussions would have to take place with local authorities and voluntary groups such as the Women’s Voluntary Service and the British Red Cross, concerning billeting and feeding.

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