Download A-Z of the Environment: Covering the Scientific, Economic, by Jeremy W. Stranks PDF

By Jeremy W. Stranks

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This was replaced by Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) under the Pollution Prevention and Control (England and Wales) Regulations 2000. Best Available Techniques Not Entailing Excessive Cost (BATNEEC) Environmental Protection Act 1990 Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Pollution Prevention and Control Act 1999 Pollution Prevention and Control (England and Wales) Regulations 2000 Scheduled activities Waste management option “Best practicable means” There is no statutory definition of this term which appears in much environmental legislation.

Batteries and accumulators Best Available Techniques (BAT) The most effective and advanced stage in the development of activities and their methods of operation which indicates the practical suitability of particular techniques for providing, in principle, the basis for emission limit values designed to prevent and, where that is not practicable, generally to reduce emissions and the impact on the environment as a whole. For the purpose of this definition: (a) available techniques means those techniques which have been developed on a scale which allows implementation in the relevant industrial sector, 34 THE A-Z OF THE ENVIRONMENT under economically and technically viable conditions, taking into consideration the cost and advantages whether or not the techniques are used or produced inside the United Kingdom, as long as they are reasonably accessible to the operator; (b) best means, in relation to techniques, the most effective in achieving a high general level of protection of the environment as a whole; and (c) techniques include both the technology used and the way in which the installation is designed, built, maintained, operated and decommissioned.

These pollutants can be converted through a series of complex chemical reactions into sulphuric acid, nitric acid or hydrochloric acid, increasing the acidity of the rain or other type of precipitation. Carbon dioxide + water = Carbonic acid (weak) Sulphur dioxide + water = Sulphuric acid Nitrogen oxides + water = Nitric acid Rainfall acidity is based on pH, a scale which ranges from 0 to 14, 0 being the most acid, 7 being neutral and 14 the most alkaline. Air pollution Ammonia Carbon dioxide Fossil fuels Nitrogen oxides Sulphur oxides Action in default Section 81 of the EPA gives the local authority power, where an Abatement Notice has not been complied with, and whether or not they have already taken proceedings, to abate the nuisance and do whatever may be necessary in execution of that Notice.

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