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By Renato Constantino

Unlike different traditional histories, the unifying thread of A heritage of the Philippines is the fight of the peoples themselves opposed to a variety of different types of oppression, from Spanish conquest and colonization to U.S. imperialism. Constantino offers a penetrating research of the effective family and sophistication constitution within the Philippines, and the way those have shaped―and been formed by―the function of the Filipino humans within the making in their personal historical past. also, he demanding situations the dominant perspectives of Spanish and U.S. historians through exposing the myths and prejudices propagated of their paintings, and, in doing so, makes an important step forward towards highbrow decolonization. This e-book is an indispensible key to the background of conquest and resistance within the Philippine.

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The belief that the world is divided into natural definable culturaUethnic groupings has provided the answer in the form of national communities. Each naturally existing cultural/ethnic grouping has the right to form an autonomous political community, the socio-political community that is called the nation. THE FUSION OF CIVIC AND ETHNIC NATIONALISM This relatively new political principle that ties cultural groupings with the right to autonomy was succinctly set out by John Stuart Mill in 1861 'where the sentiment of nationality exists in any force, there is a prima facie case for uniting all the members of the nationality under the same government, and a government to themselves apart.

2 However, their belief in the demise of nationalism has been shared across the political spectrum: Ernest Renan, quoted above, predicted as early as 1887 that some form of European Confederation would eventually replace nationalism; at the close of the Second World War E. H. Carr, whilst recognising that nationalism was at its peak, felt that the world was moving on to new forms of organisation; similarly, Karl Deutsch, whose work represented a watershed in writings on nationalism, predicted that the processes that had produced nationalism may 'soon come to turn against it'.

Briefly, the doctrine holds that humanity is naturally divided into nations, that nations are known by certain characteristics which can be ascertained, and that Ethnicity, Nationalism and Nation-Building 27 the only legitimate type of government is national self-government'. 17 Kedourie cannot understand why on earth a European doctrine which is, at its heart, false should be taken up as a cause by the rest of the world. For Kedourie, it is ironic that the rest of the world should have taken up the banner of nationalism for it 'is neither something indigenous to these areas nor an irresistible tendency of the human spirit everywhere, but rather an importation from Europe clearly branded with the mark of its origin' .

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