Download A Companion to Ethics by Peter Singer PDF

By Peter Singer

During this quantity, a few of latest so much amazing philosophers survey the entire box of ethics, from its origins, during the nice moral traditions, to theories of the way we should dwell, arguments approximately particular moral matters, and the character of ethics itself. The publication should be learn instantly via from commencing to finish; but the inclusion of a multi-layered index, coupled with a descriptive define of contents and bibliographies of proper literature, implies that the amount additionally serves as a piece of reference, either for these coming afresh to the research of ethics and for readers already conversant in the topic.

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If there had really been a natural 'war of all against all', the biosphere could never have developed in the first place. It is not surprising therefore that conscious life, arising out of such a background, acts in fact in a way that is much more often co-operative than competitive. And when we come shortly to consider the motivation of social creatures, we shall clearly see that co-operative motivations supply the main structure of their behaviour. (2) Many popular versions of the pseudo-Darwinian myth (though not all) present the evolutionary process as a pyramid or ladder existing for the purpose of producing MAN as its apex, and sometimes as programmed to develop MAN further to some distant 'omega point' which will further glorify contemporary Western human ideals.

The essays in this part outline some of the major ones: Indian, Buddhist, Chinese, Jewish, Christian and Islamic. ) These ethical traditions are, for much of the world's population, the living ethical systems to which they look for guidance. The essays present, for each tradition, the answers to such questions as: how did this tradition arise? What is distinctive about it? How does it answer such basic questions as: Where does ethics come from? How can I know what is right? What is the ultimate criterion of right action?

The essays present, for each tradition, the answers to such questions as: how did this tradition arise? What is distinctive about it? How does it answer such basic questions as: Where does ethics come from? How can I know what is right? What is the ultimate criterion of right action? Why should I do what is right? The essays also indicate what each tradition shares with other ethical traditions, especially with contemporary Western ethics. 4 Indian Ethics Purusottama Bilimoria * 43 5 Buddhist Ethics Padmasiri de Silva 58 6 Classical Chinese Ethics Chad Hansen 69 7 Jewish Ethics Menachem Kellner 82 8 Christian Ethics Ronald Preston 91 9 Islamic Ethics Azim Nanji 106 Part III: Western Philosophical Ethics: A Short History The dominant position of Western civilization today means that the Western tradition of philosophical thinking about ethics exerts a strong influence on all contemporary discussions of ethics.

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